Dec 11 Newsletter


Dec 11, 2013 10:00 am | Joseph Maroon

Power of Polyphenols

Polyphenols Dr MaroonPhenomenal Polyphenols

These antioxidant compounds are a proven powerhouse of anti-aging benefits. Learn why supplements—especially resveratrol and green tea—should be included in your diet.

Only 300 years ago did we learn that fruits and vegetables are not only good food sources that satisfy our hunger, but they also contain specialized molecules known as nutrients that are essential for human life and disease prevention. Recent discoveries of the many thousands of different types of nutrients in edible plants has revealed that the various molecular 3-D shapes of these nutrients are key to how human cells benefit us when we consume them.

One of the most researched of these nutrients is polyphenols. The term polyphenol refers to its uniquely shaped six-sided carbon ring molecule known as a phenol. Several hundred variations of these rings, attached at different locations and with various branches, constitute the polyphenols that provide human health benefits. The unique structure of polyphenols is often described as having a “lock-and-key” ability to bind to specific sites on human cells to activate enzymes and genes that prevent diseases and allow human cells to function better.

Read Well Bella Article by Dr Maroon Here

The post Power of Polyphenols appeared first on Dr. Maroon.

Read Moreshare on TwitterLike Power of Polyphenols on Facebook

Dec 10, 2013 10:00 am | Joseph Maroon

Tips to Age Healthier

Aging MaroonBetter Aging From Head To Toe

We may not be able to stop the hands of time, but these dietary and lifestyle interventions sure can slow them down.

The aging process can sometimes feel like an unstoppable train speeding directly toward you. Perhaps you look at your parents or grandparents and imagine that this will be you sooner or later. Creaky joints and bones, wrinkled skin, becoming forgetful, and having your doctor on speed dial are inevitable parts of aging, right? Wrong!

Aging is very personal; even close relatives age differently. Aging is the net result of a host of factors that have the potential to affect both our overall health and the development of age-related diseases. Our own individual exposure to injuries and environmental toxins, as well as the foods and supplements we consume, and the amount of physical activity and stress in our lives can often outweigh any direct influences associated with our inherited genes.

Read Entire Well Bella Article Here

The post Tips to Age Healthier appeared first on Dr. Maroon.

Read Moreshare on TwitterLike Tips to Age Healthier on Facebook

Dec 10, 2013 10:00 am | Joseph Maroon

What are the Benefits of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?


Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery is conducted through a small incision, usually with the aid of microscopes or other endoscopic visualization, such as small devices or cameras designed for viewing internal portions of the body. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery is intended to treat disorders of spinal discs with minimal muscle related injury and to allow rapid recovery, while traditional surgical approaches to the spine would generally necessitate a longer recovery period. The newer minimally invasive procedures are intended to offer several major advantages, including: Reduced surgical blood loss and complications, Reduced use of post-op narcotic pain medicines, Reduced length of hospital stay, and quicker return to daily activity.

See Video Explanation by Dr Maroon.

The post What are the Benefits of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery? appeared first on Dr. Maroon.

Read Moreshare on TwitterLike What are the Benefits of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery? on Facebook

Dec 10, 2013 09:00 am | Joseph Maroon

Think Twice Before Taking a Non-Steroidal Pain Medication

Natural AntiinflammatoryThe use of both over-the-counter and prescription nonsteroidal medications is frequently recommended in a typical neurosurgical practice for joint pain. But with persistent long-term use there can be significant safety concerns. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications or NSAIDs work to reduce inflammation through a complex metabolic pathway that typically leads to reduction in pain. NSAIDs are approved medications but still under the right circumstances can have serious even deadly side effects. Certain alternative non-medication supplements that also have similar capacity to reduce inflammation in pain.

Here is a list of some of the more important and biologically active natural non-steroidal supplements that have been studied and used for decades and even centuries: See Free Online Article – Maroon, JC, Natural anti-inflammatory agents for pain relief, Surg Neuro Dec 2011

Omega-3 Fish Oil

Research has shown that the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are some of the most effective natural antiinflammatory agents available. With the discovery that vascular inflammation is the underlying cause of coronary artery disease, fish and fish oil supplements are now recommended by the American Heart Association for the prevention of this condition. Countries that have the highest fish consumption also have a lower incidence of neurodegenerative disease and depression. The biological basis for the effectiveness of fish oil in treating arthritis has been well documented with many positive clinical studies, when compared to traditional pharmaceutical antiinflammatory agents.

White Willow Tree Bark

Bark from the white willow tree is one of the oldest herbal remedies for pain and inflammation, dating back to ancient Egyptian, Roman, Greek, and Indian civilizations, as an analgesic and antipyretic agent. Because of the gastric side effects of aspirin, there has been a resurgence in the use of white willow bark for the treatment of inflammatory syndromes. The mechanism of action of white willow bark is similar to that of aspirin Various randomized, placebo-controlled studies comparing white willow bark with nonsteroidal agents have shown an efficacy comparable to these agents and aspirin. Salicin from white willow bark is converted to and is considered to have fewer side effects than aspirin.


Curcumin is a naturally occurring yellow pigment derived from turmeric (Curcuma longa), a flowering plant of the ginger family. It has traditionally been used as a coloring and flavoring spice in food products. Curcumin has long been used in both Ayurvedic and Chinese medicines as an anti-inflammatory agent, a treatment for digestive disorders, and to enhance wound healing. Several clinical trials have demonstrated curcumin’s antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anti-cancer effects.

Green Tea

Green tea has long been recognized to have cardiovascular and cancer preventative characteristics due to its antioxidant properties. Its use in the treatment of arthritic disease as an anti-inflammatory agent has been recognized more recently. The constituents of green tea are polyphenolic compounds called catechins, and epigallocatechin-3 galate is the most abundant catechin in green tea.


Pycnogenol, like white willow bark, is a nutraceutical material that has been used since ancient times. Pycnogenol is derived from the bark of the maritime pine tree (Pinus maritima). It has been considered helpful for wound healing, treating scurvy, healing of ulcers, and reducing vascular inflammation. It contains a potent blend of active polyphenols, which includes catechin, taxifolin,procyanidins, and phenolic acids. It is one of the most potent antioxidant compounds currently known. Pycnogenol inhibits inflammatory activators in white blood cells decreasing the inflammatory response.


The Boswellia species is a trees that produces a gum resin called olibanum, better known in the western world as frankincense. This resin possesses antiinflammatory, anti-arthritic, and has pain relieving properties. Boswellia can inhibit inflammatory chemicals called leukotrienes. Clinically, the substance is used in the treatment of degenerative and inflammatory joint disorders. It reduces the total white blood cell count in joint fluid in rheumatoid arthritis.


Resveratrol is a plant-based polyphenol molecule that is found in various concentrations of many different plant sources. The plant is called Japanese Knot weed or Polygonum cuspidatum, and the skins of red wine grapes are believe to have the most concentrated amounts of resveratrol. In plants, resveratrol is generally found in the plant skin and acts to protect the plant from infection, excessive UV radiation from the sun and aide in general plant defense. Resveratrol has also been found to have significant anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and DNA protective actions, when consumed by animals and humans.

Cat’s Claw

Uncaria tomentosa and Uncaria guianensis are Peruvian herbs derived from woody vines with small claw-like thorns at the base of the leaf. Traditionally, the bark of cat’s claw is used to treat arthritis, bursitis, and intestinal disorders. The active ingredients appear to be polyphenols (flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and tannins), alkaloids, and sterols. Various studies indicate that this Peruvian herb induces a generalized reduction in proinflammatory mediators.


Capsicum annum is a small spreading shrub and its small red fruit commonly used as a spice due to the chemical capsaicin. Capsaicin constitutes approximately 12% of the chili pepper. This fruit has been used for various medicinal purposes for hundreds of years. Capsaicin inhibits inflammatory markers, thus producing an anti-inflammatory effect. This herb is rarely used alone but is generally mixed into other natural anti-arthritic preparations.

The post Think Twice Before Taking a Non-Steroidal Pain Medication appeared first on Dr. MaroonRead Moreshare on TwitterLike Think Twice Before Taking a Non-Steroidal Pain Medication on Facebook



Tri-State Neurosurgical Associates-UPMC
Administrative Oakland Office Address:
Presbyterian University Hospital
Department of Neurosurgery
Suite 5C
200 Lothrop Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Phone: 1-888-234-4357


Every effort has been made by the author(s) to provide accurate, up-to-date information. However, the medical knowledge base is dynamic and errors can occur. By using the information contained herein, the viewer willingly assumes all risks in connection with such use. Neither the author nor UPMC shall be held responsible for errors, omissions in information herein nor liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from any viewer(s)’ use of or reliance upon, this material.

Clinical information is provided for educational purposes and not as a medical or professional service. Person(s) who are not medical professionals should have clinical information reviewed and interpreted or applied only by the appropriate health professional(s).

For questions or comments, please contact us at

© 2013 Tri-State Neurosurgical Associates – UPMC